THOTS Homepage

Hindu Prayers

The Author

Mother Earth

Intro to the Romantics



Short Stories


The Poetry Garden

Quotes-Golden Nuggets of Wisdom

The Mahadeo family

Photo Albums

Did You Know?

The Heart of The Sun Website
On this Page:
For those who truely love and respect the other species of life created by God, here are some facts, links, and articles that highlights how the supposedly intelligent Human species treat other living things. The intention is to bring awareness to many of these actions which are hidden from the public's eye, so that we can modify our behavior and in turn change theirs. (This page is not meant to cause conflict or hurt anyone - if you are affected in any negative way by the articles published on this page, we apologize)  

Fact with Impact articles
     The Downed Cow            The Veal Meal          Meat & the Environment  The Vegetarian Arguments
 Animal Cruelty      


Back to Top
Downed Cow: This Story Will Change Your Life

The truck carrying this cow was unloaded at Walton Stockyards in Kentucky one September morning. After the other animals were removed from the truck, she was left behind, unable to move. Stockyard workers used customary electric prods in her ear to try to get her out of the truck, then they beat her and kicked her in the face, ribs, and back, but she still didn't move. They tied a rope around her neck, tied the other end to a post in the ground, and drove the truck away. The cow was dragged along the floor of the truck and fell to the ground, breaking both her hind legs and her pelvis in the process. She remained this way until 7:30 that evening.

For the first three hours, she lay in the hot sun crying out. Periodically, when she urinated or defecated, she used her front legs to drag herself along the gravel roadway to a clean spot. She also tried to crawl to a shaded area, but she was unable to move far enough. Altogether, she only managed to crawl between 13 and 14 yards. The stockyard employees wouldn't allow her any drinking water; the only water she received was given to her by Jessie Pierce, a local animal rights activist. After she was contacted by a woman who witnessed the incident, Jessie arrived at noon. Stockyard workers did not cooperate to help her, so she called the Kenton County police. A police officer arrived but was instructed by his superiors to do nothing; he left at 1 p.m.

The stockyard operator informed Jessie that he had permission from the insurance company to kill the cow but wouldn't do it until Jessie left. Although doubtful that he would keep his word, Jessie left at 3. She returned at 4:30 and found the stockyard deserted. Three dogs were attacking the cow, who was still alive. She had suffered a number of bite wounds, and her drinking water had been removed. Jessie contacted the state police. Four officers arrived at 5:30. State trooper Jan Wuchner wanted to shoot the cow but was told that a veterinarian should kill her. The facility's two veterinarians would not euthanize her; they claimed that in order to preserve the value of the meat, the cow could not be destroyed. A butcher eventually arrived at 7:30 and shot the cow. Her body was purchased for $307.50.

When the stockyard operator was questioned by a reporter from The Kentucky Post, he stated, "We didn't do a damned thing to it," and referred to the attention given to the cow by humane workers and police as "bullcrap." He laughed throughout the interview, saying that there was nothing wrong with the way that the cow was treated.

This is not an isolated case. It is so common that animals in this condition are known in the meat industry as "downers." According to the meat industry's own statistics, each year, millions of chickens, turkeys, pigs, and cows arrive at the slaughterhouse either dead or too sick or injured to walk. The animals become severely crippled or ill after a lifetime of abuse in factory farms and a very difficult journey to the slaughterhouse, during which they are shipped through all weather extremes without any food or water. Factory farms don't provide individualized medical care or humane euthanasia to sick animals: It's cheaper to let the animals suffer and eventually die. The suffering caused by the meat, egg, and dairy industries' cost-cutting measures is enormous. The egg industry, for example, confines between five and 11 birds to small wire battery cages, despite the fact that the extreme crowding causes some of the birds to get sick and die. Egg-industry expert Bernard Rollin sums up the simple, cold-hearted reasoning of egg factory-farm operators by saying that "chickens are cheap, cages are expensive."

Read original article here:

Back to Top

Meat and the Environment

Would you ever open your refrigerator, pull out 16 plates of pasta, toss 15 in the trash, and then eat just one plate of food? How about leveling 55 square feet of rain forest for a single meal or dumping 2,400 gallons of water down the drain? Of course you wouldn't. But if you're eating chickens, fish, turkeys, pigs, cows, milk, or eggs, that's what you're doing—wasting resources and destroying our environment.

A recent United Nations report concluded that a global shift toward a vegan diet is necessary to combat the worst effects of climate change. And the U.N. is not alone in its analysis. Researchers at the University of Chicago concluded that switching from a standard American diet to a vegan diet is more effective in the fight against climate change than switching from a standard American car to a hybrid. And a German study conducted in 2008 concluded that a meat-eater's diet is responsible for more than seven times as much greenhouse-gas emissions as a vegan's diet is. The verdict is in: If you care about the environment, one of the single most effective things that you can do to save it is to adopt a vegan diet.

"According to Environmental Defense, if every American skipped one meal of chicken per week and substituted vegetarian foods instead, the carbon dioxide savings would be the same as taking more than half a million cars off U.S. roads"

Many leading environmental organizations, including the National Audubon Society, the Worldwatch Institute, the Sierra Club, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and even Al Gore's Live Earth—have recognized that raising animals for food damages the environment more than just about anything else that we do. Whether it's the overuse of resources, global warming, massive water or air pollution, or soil erosion, raising animals for food is wreaking havoc on the Earth. 

Back to Top

Veal : A Cruel Meal

A calf lies dead in the slatted stall in which it stood for all of its life, with no mother, sunlight or decent food. This is the fate of a calf raised for veal The veal calf industry is one of the most reprehensible of all the kinds of intensive animal agriculture. Veal calves are a by-product of the dairy industry; they are "manufactured" by "milk machines" - dairy cows. Female calves are raised to be dairy cows: They are confined and fed synthetic hormones to increase growth and production and antibiotics to keep them alive in their unhealthy, unnatural environments. They are artificially inseminated and, after giving birth, are milked for several years until their production levels drop, then they are slaughtered.

Male calves are taken from their mothers shortly after birth. Some are slaughtered soon after birth for "bob veal." Others are raised in "open pens," a kind of minimum security prison, and even then they are sometimes chained. Most are destined for the veal crate.
Solitary Confinement

The veal crate is a wooden restraining device that is the veal calf's permanent home. It is so small (22" x 54") that the calves cannot turn around or even lie down and stretch and is the ultimate in high-profit, confinement animal agriculture.(1) Designed to prevent movement (exercise), the crate does its job of atrophying the calves' muscles, thus producing tender "gourmet" veal.

The calves are generally fed a milk substitute intentionally lacking in iron and other essential nutrients. This diet keeps the animals anemic and creates the pale pink or white color desired in the finished product. Craving iron, the calves lick urine-saturated slats and any metallic parts of their stalls. Farmers also withhold water from the animals, who, always thirsty, are driven to drink a large quantity of the high-fat liquid feed.

Because of such extremely unhealthy living conditions and restricted diets, calves are susceptible to a long list of diseases, including chronic pneumonia and "scours," or constant diarrhea. Consequently, they must be given massive doses of antibiotics and other drugs just to keep them alive. (The antibiotics are passed on to consumers in the meat.) The calves often suffer from wounds caused by the constant rubbing against the crates.

A Fate Worse Than Death
About 14 weeks after their birth, the calves are slaughtered. The quality of this "food," laden with chemicals, lacking in fiber and other nutrients, diseased and processed, is another matter. The real issue is the calves' experience. During their brief lives, they never see the sun or touch the Earth. They never see or taste the grass. Their anemic bodies crave proper sustenance. Their muscles ache for freedom and exercise. They long for maternal care. They are kept in darkness except to be fed two to three times a day for 20 minutes. The calves have committed no crime, yet have been sentenced to a fate comparable to any Nazi concentration camp.

What You Can Do
To help stop veal calf abuses, don't buy or eat veal, and tell friends, relatives, and neighbors why. Tell restaurant managers about veal cruelties and ask them to remove veal from their menus. Also, don't buy or eat dairy products, because of the dairy industry's role in veal production. Ask your state legislators to sponsor bills that would prohibit the use of veal crates.

Read original article here:

Back to Top

The Hunger Argument

Number of people worldwide who will die as a result of malnutrition this year: 20 million
Number of people who could be adequately fed using land freed if Americans reduced their intake of meat by 10%: 100 million
Percentage of corn grown in the US eaten by people: 20
Percentage of corn grown in the US eaten by livestock: 80
Percentage of oats grown in the US eaten by livestock: 95
Percentage of protein wasted by cycling grain through livestock: 90
How frequently a child dies as a result of malnutrition: every 2 point 3 seconds
Pounds of potatoes that can be grown on an acre: 40,000
Pounds of beef produced on an acre: 250
Percentage of US farmland devoted to beef production: 56
Pounds of grain and soybeans needed to produce a pound of edible flesh from feedlot beef: 16

The Environmental Argument

Cause of global warming: greenhouse effect
Primary cause of greenhouse effect: carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels
Fossil fuels needed to produce meat-centered diet vs a meat-free diet: 3 times more
Percentage of US topsoil lost to date: 75
Percentage of US topsoil loss directly related to livestock raising: 85
Number of acres of US forest cleared for cropland to produce meat-centered diet: 260 million
Amount of meat imported to US annually from Central and South America: 300,000,000 pounds
Percentage of Central American children under the age of five who are undernourished: 75
Area of tropical rainforest consumed in every quarter-pound of rainforest beef: 55 square feet
Current rate of species extinction due to destruction of tropical rainforests for meat grazing and other uses: 1,000 per year

The Cancer Argument

Increased risk of breast cancer for women who eat meat daily compared to less than once a week: 3 For women who eat eggs daily compared to once a week: 2: 8 times
For women who eat butter and cheese 2-4 times a week: 3: 25 times
Increased risk of fatal ovarian cancer for women who eat eggs 3 or more times a week vs less than once a week: 3 times
Increased risk of fatal prostate cancer for men who consume meat, cheese, eggs and milk daily vs sparingly or not at all: 3 point 6 times

The Cholesterol Argument

Number of US medical schools: 125
Number requiring a course in nutrition: 30
Nutrition training received by average US physician during four years in medical school: 2 point 5 hours
Most common cause of death in the US : heart attack
How frequently a heart attack kills in the US: every 45 seconds
Average US man's risk of death from heart attack: 50 percent
Risk of average US man who eats no meat: 15 percent
Risk of average US man who eats no meat, dairy or eggs: 4 percent
Amount you reduce risk of heart attack if you reduce consumption of meat, dairy and eggs by 10 percent: 9 percent
Amount you reduce risk of heart attack if you reduce consumption by 50 percent: 45 percent
Amount you reduce risk if you eliminate meat, dairy and eggs from your diet: 90 percent
Average cholesterol level of people eating meat-centered-diet: 210 mg/dl
Chance of dying from heart disease if you are male and your blood cholesterol level is 210 mg/dl: greater than 50 percent

The Natural Resources Argument

User of more than half of all water used for all purposes in the US: livestock production
Amount of water used in production of the average cow: sufficient to float a destroyer
Gallons of water needed to produce a pound of wheat: 25
Gallons of water needed to produce a pound of California beef: 5,000
Years the world's known oil reserves would last if every human ate a meat-centered diet: 13
Years they would last if human beings no longer ate meat: 260
Calories of fossil fuel expended to get 1 calorie of protein from beef: 78
To get 1 calorie of protein from soybeans: 2
Percentage of all raw materials (base products of farming, forestry and mining, including fossil fuels) consumed by US that is devoted to the production of livestock: 33
Percentage of all raw materials consumed by the US needed to produce a complete vegetarian diet: 2

The Antibiotic Argument

Percentage of US antibiotics fed to livestock: 55
Percentage of staphylococci infections resistant to penicillin in 1960: 13
Percentage resistant in 1988: 91
Response of European Economic Community to routine feeding of antibiotics to livestock: ban
Response of US meat and pharmaceutical industries to routine feeding of antibiotics to livestock: full and complete support

The Pesticide Argument

Common belief: US Department of Agriculture protects our health through meat inspection
Reality: fewer than 1 out of every 250,000 slaughtered animals is tested for toxic chemical residues
Percentage of US mother's milk containing significant levels of DDT: 99
Percentage of US vegetarian mother's milk containing significant levels of DDT: 8
Contamination of breast milk, due to chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides in animal products, found in meat-eating mothers vs non-meat eating mothers: 35 times higher
Amount of Dieldrin ingested by the average breast-fed American infant: 9 times the permissible level

The Ethical Argument

Number of animals killed for meat per hour in the US: 660,000
Occupation with highest turnover rate in US: slaughterhouse worker
Occupation with highest rate of on-the-job-injury in US: slaughterhouse worker

The Survival Argument

Athlete to win Ironman Triathlon more than twice: Dave Scott (6 time winner)
Food choice of Dave Scott: Vegetarian
Largest meat eater that ever lived: Tyrannosaurus Rex (Where is he today?)

Why be Vegetarian?

There are so many good reasons for being veg{etari}an (health, animals, the environment) that a better question might be, "Why NOT be vegetarian?"

When you can easily...

significantly improve your health,

dramatically reduce your environmental footprint,

and greatly lessen the suffering of animals

...lets ask instead, "What's stopping you?" :)

Of course, the decision about whether to become a “veg” is a matter of personal choice..
But; if more people really knew how bad meat is (for them, the planet, and the animals), more people would make the choice to go meatless

Improve your health

The medical evidence is clear, consistent and overwhelming..
Vegetarians and vegans:

...are far less likely to get cancer, heart disease, diabetes, or osteoporosis

...are far less likely to be overweight

...have lots more stamina

...consume far less pesticides in their food

...have superior immune function

The largest epidemiological study ever conducted (the China-Oxford-Cornell Study) found that those eating the amount of animal foods typical for Americans have seventeen times the death rate from heart disease, and, for women, five times the rate of breast cancer, than those who get 5% or less of their protein from animal foods

Meat contains 14 times the amount of pesticides as plant foods, since pesticides get concentrated as they move up through the food chain, and since they're more easily stored in fatty tissues.. In 1980, six years after the pesticide dieldrin was banned, the USDA destroyed two million packages of frozen turkey products contaminated with dieldrin.. (And such contamination can routinely occur without detection.) In 1974, the FDA found dieldrin in 85% of all dairy products and 99.5% of the American people.. The EPA discovered that the breast milk of vegetarian women contained far lower levels of pesticides than that of average Americans.. A study reported in the New England Journal of Medicine found that "The highest levels of contamination in the breast milk of the vegetarians was lower than the lowest level of contamination…(in) non-vegetarian women… The mean vegetarian levels were only 1-2% as high as the average levels in the U.S.."

Prevent cruelty to animals

Nobody wants animals to suffer, but it's easy to forget that when we eat them, that's what we're supporting.. The easiest action a person can take to reduce animal suffering is to simply stop eating them..

Around eight billion animals are killed for food every year in the U.S.. alone -- a number greater than the entire human population of the planet.. Each meat-eating American eats the equivalent of about 24 animals per year.. What's worse, modern agricultural methods mean that animals are raised in cramped confinement operations instead of the pastures from childhood picture books -- a practice known as factory farming...

Chickens killed for their flesh in the United States are bred and drugged to grow so quickly that their hearts, lungs, and limbs often can't keep up.

Hens used for eggs live six or seven to a battery cage the size of a file drawer, thousands of which are stacked tier upon tier in huge, filthy warehouses.

Cattle are castrated, their horns are ripped out of their heads, and third-degree burns (branding) are inflicted on them, all without any pain relief.

Cows used for their milk are drugged and bred to produce unnatural amounts of milk; they have their babies stolen from them shortly after birth and sent to notoriously cruel veal farms so that humans can drink the calves' milk.

Mother pigs on factory farms are confined to crates so small that they are unable to turn around or even lie down comfortably.

Fish on aquafarms; spend their entire lives in cramped, filthy enclosures, and many suffer from parasitic infections, diseases, and debilitating injuries.. Conditions on some farms are so horrendous that 40 percent of the fish may die before farmers can kill and package them for food.

Turkeys' beaks and toes are burned off with a hot blade. Many suffer heart failure or debilitating leg pain, often becoming crippled under the weight of their genetically manipulated and drugged bodies.

For some, vegetarianism and veganism are easy ways to refuse to participate in this cruelty!

Save the Earth

Eating vegetarian saves more land, energy, and water than any other choice you can make.. That's because livestock eat several times more grain than they produce as meat.. So raising livestock uses:

several times as much land to grow the grain to feed them

several times as much energy to harvest the grain and transport it

several times as much water to grow the grain and to water the animals

several times as much pesticides, etc..

Worldwide petroleum reserves would be exhausted in 11 years if the rest of the world ate like the U.S.. The least energy-efficient plant food is 10 times as efficient as the most efficient meat food.. A nationwide switch to a pure vegetarian diet would allow us to cut our oil imports by 60%

Over half of the water used in the U.S. is used to grow feed for livestock... It takes 100 times as much water to produce meat than to produce wheat.. The water required to produce a day's diet for a typical American is 4,000 gallons. (It's 1,200 for vegetarians and 300 for vegans..) Compared to a vegan diet, three days of a typical American diet requires as much water as you use for showering all year (assuming you shower every day)..

U.S.. Livestock produce 250,000 pounds of waste per second -- 20 times as much as humans.. A large feedlot produces as much waste as a large city, but without a sewage system.. Animal waste washed into rivers and lakes causes increased nitrates, phosphates, ammonia, and bacteria, and decreases the oxygen content.. This kills plant and animal life.. The meat industry account for three times as much harmful organic waste as the rest of the industries in the U.S.. combined..

It takes ten times as much land to produce food for an average American compared to a pure vegetarian... An acre of land can produce 20,000 pounds of potatoes, but only 165 pounds of beef. In the U.S., 260 million acres of forest have been destroyed for use as agricultural land to support our meat diet (over 1 acre per person) Since 1967, the rate of deforestation has been one acre every five seconds.. For every acre cleared for urban development, seven acres are cleared to graze animals or grow feed for them..

Around 85% of topsoil loss is directly associated with raising livestock.. The USDA says crop productivity is down 70% as a result of topsoil loss.. It takes nature 500 years to build an inch of topsoil..Vegan diets make less than 5% of the demands on the soil as meat-based diets..

Make this a weapon (the fork) of non-violence

For the earth
For the animals
For Future Generations
And for your health
Go Vegetarian

Article for

Read original article here:

Facts about Animal Cruelty!

1. Snakes and lizards are skinned alive because of the belief that live flaying makes leather more supple.
2. Piglets are separated from their mothers when they are as young as 10 days old.
3. Once her piglets are gone, the sow is impregnated again, and the cycle continues for three or four years before she is slaughtered.
4. Approximately 3 to 4 million cats and dogs- many of them healthy, young, and adoptable- must be euthanized in animal shelters every year.
5. Cows produce milk for the same reason that humans do- to nourish their young - but on dairy farms calves are taken away at 1 day old.
6. 1 day old calves are fed milk replacements (including cattle blood) so that their mothers' milk can be sold to humans.
7. Animals can suffer brain damage or death from heatstroke in just 15 minutes. Beating the heat is extra tough for dogs.
8. Each year, approximately 10,000 bulls die in bullfights.
9. Cows are fed unnatural, high-protein diets-which include dead chickens, pigs, and other animals.
10. Overall, factory-farmed animals, including those on dairy farms, produce 1.65 billion tons of manure each year.
11. Kid goats are boiled alive to make gloves.
12. The skins of unborn calves and lambs - some aborted, others from slaughtered pregnant cows - are considered "luxurious."
13. About 285 million hens are raised for eggs in the US. In tiny spaces so small they cannot move a wing.
14. In one study, 70% of animal abusers also had records for other crimes.
15. Sealers often hook baby seals in the eye, cheek, or mouth to avoid damaging their fur, then drag them across the ice to skin them.
16. Arsenic-laced additives are mixed into the feed of about 70 percent of the chickens raised for food.
17. Scientists estimate that 100 species go extinct every day! That's about one species every 15 minutes.
18. Every year in the US, 50 million male piglets are castrated (usually without being given any painkillers).
19. More than 15 million warm-blooded animals are used in research every year.
20. Farmers often chop off piglets' tails and use pliers to break off the ends of their teeth- without giving them any painkillers.
21. For identification purposes, farmers cut out chunks of young pigs ears.
22. For fur, small animals may be crammed into boxes and poisoned with hot, unfiltered engine exhaust from a truck.
23. Engine exhaust is not always lethal, and some animals wake up while they are being skinned.
24. Larger animals have clamps attached to or rods forced into their mouth or anus so they can be painfully electrocuted.
25. Male calves are often taken away from their mothers at 1 day old, chained in tiny stalls for 3-18 weeks, and raised for veal.
26. After they are taken from their mothers, piglets are confined to pens until they are separated to be raised for breeding or meat.
27. Although chickens can live for more than a decade, hens raised for their eggs are exhausted and killed by age 2.
28. More than 100 million "spent" hens are killed in slaughterhouses every year.
29. Dogs used for fighting are chained, taunted, and starved to trigger extreme survival instincts and encourage aggressiveness.
30. Dogs that lose fights (or refuse) are often abandoned, tortured, set on fire, electrocuted, shot, drowned, or beaten to death.
31. Cows on average product 16 lbs of milk per day. With hormones, antibiotics, and genetic manipulation? 54 lbs a day.
32. Alligators on farms may be beaten with hammers and axes, sometimes remaining conscious and in pain for 2 hours after skinning.
33. Investigation of animal abuse is often the first point of social services intervention for a family in trouble.
34. A Canadian Police study found that 70 percent of people arrested for animal cruelty had past records of other violent crimes.
35. Declawing is a painful mutilation that involves 10 amputations - not just the nails - but the ends of toes (bone and all).
36. The long-term effects of declawing include skin and bladder problems and the gradual weakening of cats' legs, shoulders, and back.
37. Declawing is both painful and traumatic, and it has been outlawed in Germany and other parts of Europe as a form of cruelty.
38. Kangaroos are slaughtered by the millions every year; their skins are considered prime material for soccer shoes.
39. In California, America's top milk-producing state, manure from dairy farms has poisoned hundreds of square miles of groundwater.
40. Each of the more than 1 million cows on the state's dairy farms excrete 18 gallons of manure daily.
41. Every year, the global leather industry slaughters more than a billion animals and tans their skins and hides.
42. Elephants who perform in circuses are often kept in chains for as long as 23 hours a day from the time they are babies.
43. Every year, millions of animals are killed for the clothing industry.
44. An immeasurable amount of suffering goes into every fur-trimmed jacket, leather belt, and wool sweater.
45. Neglect and abandonment are the most common forms of companion animal abuse in the United States.
46. On any given day in the U.S., there are more than 65 million pigs on factory farms, and 112 million are killed for food each year.
47. 98% of Americans consider pets to be companions or members of the family.
48. For medical experimentation animals can be burned, shocked, poisoned, isolated, starved, addicted to drugs, and brain-damaged.
49. Female cows are artificially inseminated shortly after their first birthdays. Happy birthday!
50. Birds don't belong in cages. Bored, lonely, denied the opportunity to fly, deprived of companionship...
51. Many birds become neurotic in cages - pulling out feathers, bobbing their heads incessantly, and repeatedly pecking.
52. According to industry reports, more than 1 million pigs die en route to slaughter each year.
53. The industry refers to chickens as "broilers" and raises them in huge, ammonia-filled, windowless sheds with artificial lighting.
54. Some chickens spend their entire lives standing on concrete floors.
55. Foie gras is made from the grotesquely enlarged livers of ducks and geese who have been cruelly force-fed.
56. A typical slaughterhouse kills about 1,000 hogs per hour.
57. Because of improper stunning, many hogs are alive when they reach the scalding hot water baths.
58. More than half the fur in the US comes from China, where millions of dogs and cats are bludgeoned, hanged, and bled to death.
59. Millions of pounds of antibiotics are fed to chickens, who metabolize only about 20 percent of the drugs fed to them.
60. The 3 trillion pounds of waste produced by factory-farmed animals every year is usually used to fertilize crops.
61. Tens of thousands of horses from the United States are slaughtered every year to be used for horsemeat in Europe and Asia.
62. Since the last horse slaughter plants in the US were closed in 2007, thousands of horses have been shipped to Canada/Mexico.
63. There are no federal laws to regulate the voltage or use of electric prods on pigs.
64. As a result of disease, pesticides, and climate changes, the honeybee population has been nearly decimated.
65. Many studies have found a link between cruelty to animals and other forms of interpersonal violence.
66. Cows have a natural lifespan of about 20 years and can produce milk for eight or nine years.
67. A fur coat is pretty cool- for an animal to wear.
68. Eighteen red foxes are killed to make one fox-fur coat, 55 minks to make a mink coat.

 Back to Top

Comment Form is loading comments...


THOTS HomepageHindu PrayersThe AuthorMother EarthIntro to the RomanticsHealthRecipesShort StoriesNews/LinksThe Poetry GardenQuotes-Golden Nuggets of WisdomThe Mahadeo familyPhoto AlbumsDownloads